Pandemic precarities: immigration status, work, housing, and health among current and former non-status residents of Toronto

This is the first community report from a research project on “Non-status migrant exclusions and responses under COVID-19 in the GTA.” The project was supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (Partnership Engage COVID-19 Special Initiative grant), and the FCJ Refugee Centre.

The project is directed by Luin Goldring (York University) and Patricia Landolt (University of Toronto) in collaboration with Francisco Rico-Martinez and Loly Rico, FCJ Centre. Diana Gallego and Natasha Rollings also directed the FCJ team. The authors are grateful to Natasha Rollings and Jessie Kohut for comments.

The FCJ-CEP survey was developed and tested by a team from the FCJ Refugee Centre, York University, and the University of Toronto. FCJ team members conducted the survey; Jana Borras analyzed the data.

Published in October 2021.

See all the Documents, Research & Special Reports »